Glossary

Airlaid

Paper made with long-virgin fibre “fluff” with a production process that does not involve the use of water to bond the fibres. The paper thereby obtained is particularly resistant, absorbent and it can be used several times. The jumbo reels are sent to the paper converting departments of the group to be transformed into napkins, tablecloths, kitchen towels and wipers and to other paper converting companies to be used in the production of sanitary napkins/diapers, wet wipes and special packaging.

Al.Pe.®

A brand that identifies the homogeneous material composed of polyethylene and aluminium deriving from the recycling of beverage cartons, such as Tetra Pak®, with which other industries manufacture products for multiple purposes.

Away from Home

The Away from Home market of tissue and airlaid products concerns all consumption outside the home, i.e. hospitals, canteens, industries, schools, cleaning companies, restaurants, hotels, etc. The main product families in this market are paper towels (rolls and folded), wipers, toilet paper, medical sheets, napkins and tablecloths.

Beverage cartons

Food container, made up of several layers of paper, polyethylene and aluminium to protect and extend the product shelf life.

BS OHSAS 18001:2007 (Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series)

Certification that recognises compliance with the requirements of an occupational health and safety system.

Business to Business (BtoB)

In sales, the expression is used to identify the whole of the various transactions that take place between a company and its suppliers or other companies in the same sector.

Calendering

It is a mechanical treatment to which the sheet of paper is subjected after manufacture, to increase its compactness and smoothness. The treatment is carried out by a system formed by two or more revolving steel or cast iron cylinders, called a calender, between which the paper sheet is passed.

Cardboard

Cardboard is distinguished from paper and paperboard mainly for its grammage. Paperboard has a grammage between 200 and 400 g/m2, while cardboard sheets are over 400 g/m2 and can reach 1110 gr/m2.

Cellulose

It is the fibrous raw material used in the manufacture of paper and obtained by subjecting wood to mechanical and chemical treatment.

Certification

A statement issued by a competent body to a company that meets a set of internationally recognised standards. 

Circular economy

An economic system designed to regenerate itself and planned to reuse materials in subsequent production cycles, reducing waste to a minimum.

Coating slip

It is a mixture composed essentially of mineral pigments dispersed in the aqueous solution of one or more adhesive substances, applied to one or both surfaces of the paper during coating.

Cogeneration plant

It is a methane gas-powered plant that produces electricity. The electricity generated on-site is used to power the machinery, while the heat resulting from methane combustion is used to dry the paper on the paper machines.

Consumer

The consumer market is related to consumption by households, through products purchased in shops, discount stores, supermarkets and hypermarkets.

Customisation

In the Ho.Re.Ca. market for table furnishing, customisation means printing the customer’s logo on napkins, tablecloths and cutlery holders.

Deinking process

It is a mechanical treatment applied to the paper to be recycled to remove printing impurities from the pulp.

Der Blaue Engel

German environmental product certification.

Dispenser

A mechanism that regulates the distribution of a product.

Eco-sustainability

Eco-sustainability is the human activity that regulates its practice according to ecological assumptions within the framework of sustainable development. The resources renewal is at the heart of the eco-sustainable concept, seen as the intrinsic capacity of the world to transform itself cyclically. This ability must be defended to prevent modifying the delicate earth balances.

Ecolabel

A quality marking issued by the European Union that distinguishes products and services with low environmental impact.

EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme)

EU eco-management and audit scheme designed for organisations that are committed to assessing and improving their environmental efficiency.

Embossing

An operation to which the paper is subject which consists of impressing a decorative design in relief onto it. In tissue papers, it may have the function of increasing the adhesion of the plies and the absorbency capacity.

Fiberpack®

A brand that identifies the fibrous raw material obtained through our exclusive treatment process of beverage cartons, such as Tetra Pak®, used to produce Lucart Professional EcoNatural, Fato Natural, Velo Natural, Tenderly Professional Natural and Grazie Natural branded products.

Finished product

In the sanitary tissue paper world, it is the result of the processing of jumbo reels converted into products intended for specific uses (toilet paper, paper towels, napkins, handkerchiefs, etc.).

Flexography

It is a direct printing process using a relief printing form (cliché) consisting of rubber or photopolymer plates. Used mainly for printing flexible packaging, it is also suitable for printing on tissue paper.

Forming wire

It is a multi-layer canvas made of polyamide or polyester fibres, manufactured in a seamless loop. Its task is to support the paper that is forming in the paper machine and to let the water flow easily. It has the task of receiving the mixture of fibres and water from the headbox and draining the water from the sheet of paper being formed, transporting it to the part of the paper machine dedicated to the paper drying process.

FSC® (Forest Stewardship Council®)

Certification that guarantees the origin of raw materials from suppliers that implement sustainable forest management systems with a certified chain of custody.

Grammage

It is the weight of the paper expressed in grams and referred to the area of one square metre.

Grammage valve

It is an adjustable bottleneck of the pulp delivery pipe at the inlet of the feeding fan pump. The adjustment of this valve changes the final grammage if the working conditions of the paper machine are being kept the same.

Headbox

The headbox is the first element of a paper machine. The formation of the sheet and the mechanical features of the paper depend on it. It prepares the fibres, mixed with water, and distributes them on the wire so that they bind together to form the sheet of paper.

Ho.Re.Ca.

Acronym for Hotellerie-Restaurant-Café, it is a commercial term used to describe the hotel service industry and the world that revolves around food and beverage.

IFS HPC

International certification that guarantees compliance with specific safety and quality standards for personal and home care products.

Industrial wastewater

Any type of wastewater discharged from buildings or plants where commercial activities are carried out or products are made.

Integrated site

An industrial site consisting of a paper mill for the production of jumbo reels and a paper converting department for transforming them into finished products.

ISO 14001

A voluntary international standard that defines how an efficient Environmental Management System should work.

ISO 22716

This is a voluntary international standard that defines the guidelines for the production, monitoring, storage and shipping of cosmetic products with the aim of guaranteeing high hygiene and safety standards to consumers.

ISO 50001

A voluntary international standard that defines how an efficient Energy Management System should work.

ISO 9001

A voluntary international standard that defines how an efficient Quality Management System should work.

Jumbo reel

In the paper industry, the jumbo reel identifies a large roll formed by winding the continuous sheet of paper or cardboard on a special pressed cardboard core intended to be cut into the desired format by the paper converting industry.

LCA – Life Cycle Assessment

It is an internationally structured, standardised method to quantify the potential impacts on the environment and human health of a product or service, starting from the respective resource consumption and emissions.

Logistics hub

An industrial building for the storage and shipment of finished products to customers.

Machinability

This is the set of features that make a paper easily workable in paper converting departments. These characteristics are linked to the physical and mechanical properties of the paper.

Mater-bi

It is a family of fully biodegradable and compostable bioplastics with which solutions and products having a low environmental impact are made. Lucart was the first company in the world to use this material for the packaging of EcoLucart recycled paper hygiene products in 1997.

MG (Machine Glazed) paper

Paper made using paper for recycling, virgin fibre or a mix of the two as raw material and intended for other paper-converting industries for making bags, gift wrapping paper, paper laminated with polyethylene or aluminium, tablecloths and other types of packaging.

MG paper

It is a very light, thin and usually translucent type of paper used for packaging and artwork.

 

Mixing

This is the first step in the actual paper converting process and consists in optimally homogenising the fibrous raw materials with other non-fibrous materials.

Offset printing

It is a planographic printing process. It is indirect because the sheet or the printing medium is in contact with a rubberised sheet and not in direct contact with the inked painting form. This is the most common printing process currently used (about 60% of prints) and is particularly suitable for printing on substrates with a low surface finish.

Ok Compost

This mark certifies that the product is compostable in industrial composting plants.

Packaging machine

It is the machine used to pack finished products in various formats so that they meet given conditions of marketability and safety.

Pantone®

Commercial name of a colour coding and identification system used in graphics, publishing and typography.

Paper

Paper is the whole of plant-based fibres that are held together by natural bonds. It differs from cardboard or paperboard mainly for its grammage, i.e. the weight expressed in grams per square metre. Paper can be considered to include sheets up to a weight of 200 g/m2.

Paper converting

A paper converting plant is an industrial site dedicated to the conversion of the jumbo reels made in the paper mill into finished products for sale.

Paper machine

It is the machinery dedicated to the production of paper jumbo reels. In modern paper mills this machinery works 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Paper mill

It is an industrial plant for the manufacture of paper.

Paper mill sludge

These are solid residues consisting mainly of small cellulose fibres, mineral fillers (mineral substances present in cellulose or waste paper) and ink residues.

PEFC™ (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification)

Certification that guarantees the origin of raw materials from suppliers that implement sustainable forest management systems with a certified chain of custody.

Primary colours

They are yellow, magenta and cyan and are the only material colours capable – if mixed in different quantities – of reproducing any coloured sensation that can be obtained by printing. Black must be added to the printing of the three primary colours.

Printability

It is the set of features that make a paper particularly suited for receiving inked graphics. These features are particularly linked to the surface finish, surface resistance and ink absorption-affinity.

Private Label

This is a product made for distributors and sold under their own brand with specific quality features.

Production waste

Paper processing residues as a whole made during the production and transformation process.

Pulp

In the tissue paper world, this is the preparation formed of pure cellulose fibres and/or paper to be recycled and water that will be used for the formation of the paper sheet.

Pulper

Large cylindrical piece of machinery, equipped with an impeller that creates a cellulose fibres suspension through the mechanical action of rotating blades and the presence of water. Fibrous raw materials and water enter the pulper and the pulp that comes out is sent to the paper machine to make new paper. In the production, from recycled paper, the mechanical action separates the fibres from the waste materials which are expelled from the pulper, in addition to separating the fibres.

Pulper waste

Together with paper mill sludge, it is one of the two main waste products in the paper recycling process. It consists of non-fibrous materials present in the paper to be recycled (metal staples, plastic, wooden parts, etc.).

Purging

This is the last stage of the pulp preparation process using recycled paper as raw material. This step eliminates any heavy and light impurities (such as metal staples, sand, plastic, enamel, etc.) by exploiting the physical principles of different specific weight and size.

Railway terminal

An intermediate or final site served by a railway vehicle during a journey for the purpose of loading and unloading, replenishing, maintenance, etc.

Recyclable

This identifies a material that can be used in a new production cycle.

Recycling paper / Waste paper

It is the paper that has already been used for the purpose for which it was manufactured and which is reused in the production cycle.

Renewable material

Due to their intrinsic nature, renewable raw materials are either regenerated or cannot be depleted on a human time scale and, by extension, whose use does not compromise natural resources for future generations.

Rewinder

This machine is used to couple the plies from several reels and to cut the reels into formats that can be used in paper converting processes.

Sludge drying

It is the dehydration process which, by means of natural elements (steam), reduces their moisture content to make the sludge easier to transport and use.

Sound-absorbing panels

These are panels that allow to acoustically insulate a room. They are made using spongy, light and compact low-density materials.

Straw paper

It is paper made using the fibres contained in straw as raw material. The procedure to obtain it was invented in Villa Basilica in 1834 by pharmacist Stefano Franchi.

Suction box

It is an element of the paper machine that cleans the felt or wire from the residues deposited on them during the production of paper through a suction pump.

Sustainability

In environmental and economic sciences, it identifies a condition of development capable of ensuring the satisfaction of the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Sustainable development goals

It is a programme of action for people, the planet and prosperity signed in September 2015 by the governments of the 193 UN member states. Seventeen sustainable development goals are organised in a broad-scope action plan for a total of 169 targets. The official launch of the Sustainable Development Goals coincided with the beginning of 2016, leading the world on the road ahead over the next 15 years. Member states have committed to achieving them by 2030.

Tetra Pak®

A term used to refer to a poly-coupled packaging composed of cellulose fibres (74%), aluminium (4%) and polyethylene (22%). It is widely used in the food industry for its food protection and preservation properties. It is named after the company that invented it.

Tissue paper

It is a paper made using recycled paper, virgin cellulose or a mix of the two sent to be made into wipers, toilet paper, hand towels, napkins, etc. in the converting departments of the group or in other paper converting industries.

Turbine

The gas turbine is an internal combustion engine used to transform the chemical energy of the fuel through turbo-machinery.

Yankee roll

A large metal, steam-heated cylinder heated inside by steam and located in the part of the paper machine dedicated to the paper drying process; it is used to dry the paper. The operation will be completed through the use of a drying section.

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